In my efforts to fully test Python-Markdown, I need to have all versions of Python that are supported by Python-Markdown. This is how I did it – mostly for my own recollection in the event that I need to do it again. Perhaps others will find it useful as well.

I had previously set up a virtual machine running Ubuntu Server on VirtualBox. By default, I had Python2.5 installed and working fine. Now, I realize that I could have simply done apt-get python2.4 and been done, but I wanted a few more versions. Particularly, Python 2.6 and Python 3.0, which are not yet available through Ubuntu/Debian’s standard package manager. There are ways to make it work, but I decided a simple install from source into /opt was more strait forward. As I understand it, /opt is where one would install optional packages. Additionally, by installing from source with the changed location, each python version would be completely contained within a directory within /opt. If I ever want to remove a version, all I need to do is delete that directory and any associated links.

The first step is to ensure that all dependencies are installed. Run the following once:

sudo apt-get build-dep python2.5

That will install a bunch of dev packages. Which packages get installed will likely depend of each specific system.

As the remaining commands will need to be repeated for each version of python, I will list them once with X’s in place of the version numbers. Be sure to replace the X’s with the appropriate version numbers. The various versions and download links can be found on the Python download page.

wget http://python.org/ftp/python/X.X.X/Python-X.X.X.tgz
tar xvfz Python-X.X.X.tgz
cd Python-X.X.X
./configure --prefix=/opt/pythonX.X
make
sudo make install

In a couple versions I got some warnings after running make about missing dependencies for things I don’t need or use, so I ignored them and everything worked fine. Of course, these need to be on my path to be useful so I created some links:

sudo ln -s /opt/pythonX.X/bin/pythonX.X /usr/bin/python-X.X

For Python 3.0 I also created a link for 2to3 so I could convert code to fit 3.0’s changes:

sudo ln -s /opt/python3.0/bin/2to3 /usr/bin/2to3

The only thing left to do is install some third-party python packages into each. Despite my dislike for some aspects of SetupTools, it is an easy way to install things quickly, so I installed it on each version. First I downloaded the latest source and unzipped it:

wget http://pypi.python.org/packages/source/s/setuptools/setuptools-0.X.tar.gz
tar xvfz setuptools-0X.tar.gz
cd setuptools-0.X

While I only needed to do the above once, I needed to install it in each version:

sudo python2.X setup.py install

Note that, (to my knowledge) SetupTools is not yet available for Python 3.0, so I didn’t even try. But is worked fine for 2.3, 2.4 and 2.6. Finally, I created links to the various versions of easy_install.

sudo ln -s /opt/python2.X/bin/easy_install-2.X /usr/bin/easy_install2.X

From now on, it’s easy to install a package for any version (except 3.0 which doesn’t have any third-party packages to speak of yet) of Python by simply running the appropriate easy_install. For example, the upcoming version 2.0 of Python-Markdown requires ElementTree. While ElementTree is part of the standard library in 2.5 and 2.6, it needs to be installed manually in 2.3 and 2.4. So the following will do the trick:

sudo easy_install2.4 celementree
sudo easy_install2.3 celementree

After doing the same for a few other packages (such as Pygments for the CodeHilite extension), I had a everything I needed. And to think it was rather painless.